Social anxiety disorder is a mental health condition that affects 4.7% of Australians each year. The complex interplay between psychoevolutionary and cognitive models has become the focus of research in recent years, particularly with the development of the bivalent fear of evaluation model (i.e., negative and positive evaluation fears). The present study aimed to test a model of social anxiety symptoms using structural equation modelling, integrating previously fragmented evidence. A sample of 255 participants (75.3% female; Mages = 31.9, SD = 10.3) undertook an online survey, including Social Phobia Scale, Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation-Straightforward, Fear of Positive Evaluation, Concerns of Social Reprisal, and Disqualifications of Positive Social Outcomes measures. The hypothesised model for social anxiety symptoms described the data reasonably well (? 2 (1) = 4.917, p = .027, CFI = .995, GFI = .992, SRMR = .017), explaining 57.1% of social anxiety variance. Study hypotheses were supported with bivalent fear of evaluation accounting for unique variance in cognitive distortions, which in turn accounted for unique variation in social anxiety symptoms. Effect sizes indicate bivalent fears of evaluation and disqualification of positive social outcomes as important predictors of social anxiety symptoms. Although replication in a clinical cohort and experimental confirmation are needed, the findings suggest a focus on disqualification of positive social outcomes to alleviate social anxiety symptoms.
Exactly what This topic Adds?
Impression systems recommend that new cognitive distortion disqualification of positive societal outcomes is a vital modifiable predictor out-of personal nervousness symptoms.
Public anxiety (SAD) is a mental health issue where some one fear and survive that have serious pain or end public things, such as social communication otherwise activities one to erican Psychiatric Relationship, 2013 ). Unfortunate has actually an estimated twelve?times incidence of 4.7% (Australian Bureau out-of Statistics, 2007 ) and you may an existence incidence regarding twelve% (Kessler et al., 2005 ). People with Sad be a little more than just doubly going to face jobless weighed against people who have almost every other anxiety conditions (Moitra, Mustache, Weisberg, Keller, 2011 ). Because of the feeling regarding Sad, it is critical to see the root procedure that may dictate public nervousness symptoms.
Societal anxiety generally might have been understood to be associated with a concern with bad research (FNE) (Watson Buddy, 1969 ). The connection ranging from Unfortunate and you will FNE has hoe werkt jdate been widely supported (Koci ; Menatti ainsi que al., 2015 ; Days, 2015 ; Weeks Howell, 2012 ; Yap, Gibbs, Francis, Schuster, 2016 ). An impact off FNE has been named a hereditary hazard identification program from our psychoevolutionary previous one encourages me to tailor habits such that covers united states from public damage, for example a loss of use of classification info because of exception (Clark Wells, 1995 ; Gilbert, 2001 ). Considering patterns related to FNE was theorised to help you intensify and you may perpetuate personal nervousness attacks (Rapee Heimberg, 1997 ).
Recently, anxiety about confident investigations (FPE) has been considered into the look, indicating that FNE and you may FPE co?occur just like the an excellent bivalent anxiety about evaluation (BFOE), where anyone worry investigations typically (Days Howell, 2014 ). The connection anywhere between Sad and you can FPE provides achieved growing assistance within the the last few years (Koci ; Menatti ainsi que al., 2015 ; Days, 2015 ; Days Howell, 2012 ; Yap et al., 2016 ). Whereas FNE can be involved with a bad change in the evaluation, FPE is worried which have a confident shift into the assessment. An impression of FPE might have been considered as an inherited chances detection program you to definitely promotes avoidant conduct toward are examined too favorably, so you’re able to slow down the likelihood of signalling difficulty and you will unwittingly getting into so many argument or battle (Trower Gilbert, 1989 ; Months Howell, 2014 ). This new considering models related BFOE haven’t yet become solved (Heimberg, Brozovich, Rapee, 2010 ), consequently they are the main focus associated with the paper.